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Saving the World One Thermostat at a Time

Thursday, March 15, 2018   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Adeline Lui
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This article originally appeared in the March 2018 issue of Strategies, AESP's magazine for members.
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Saving the World One Thermostat at a Time – the hows and whys of thermostat recycling


by Ryan L. Kiscaden



A brief background

Honeywell, White-Rogers and General Electric started Thermostat Recycling Corp. (TRC) as a nonprofit in 1998 on a voluntary basis, to safely remove mercury-containing thermostats and keep them out of the waste stream. Because mercury is an element, you cannot destroy it, and scientists have identified it as a hazardous substance to humans and animals. Furthermore, the media has raised concerns about the safety of mercury in our waterways and the dangers of eating fish with unacceptable levels of mercury.


Today, 31 manufacturers participate in TRC’s efforts with financial support. We have a clear-cut, collective goal: Keep mercury out of the waste stream to protect the environment.


The Process

When TRC first examined the issue of thermostat removal, it formulated what amounted to a supply chain solution to begin the process of removal and recycling. The effort was originally confined to the cooling and heating industry (HVACR).


Most change-outs of a thermostat would occur when a contractor replaced the old one (containing mercury) for a newer model. We wanted to make the exchange not only easy but rewarding. But to reach these contractors (and ultimately HVACR wholesalers too), promoting the message was key.


The Message

Before we could implement the recycling process, we used every available media vehicle across a broad and continuous marketing campaign to promote the message about the dangers associated with mercury entering the environment, without proper disposal of mercury thermostats. From trade press to trade shows to collateral material, earned and social media, the message was front and center.


One lesson we learned was the importance of durability. A public relations expert told us, “Unless you have an instant need on the part of your target audience, don’t expect immediate results. Some public relations campaigns are successful because they last a long time and constantly remain visible. Their campaigns succeed because they’re durable and not because they are intrinsically interesting or even creative.”


The Government

Throughout our years of recycling mercury thermostats, we have encountered legislative bodies that have oversight regarding the removal of mercury-containing thermostats. About half of the states have mandates that deal specifically with this issue.


This aspect imparts both a legislative component to our efforts as well as a legal one. In order to justify our existence, it is important that TRC demonstrates both good-faith effort and success in pursuing its cause. The legal component of our messaging is conveying to people that replacing their thermostats has financial and liability issues that could affect them.


Shifting Sand

As noted earlier, our initial network focused on the HVACR contractors who were replacing the thermostats, and the HVACR wholesalers who held our bins for collection. In 2006, our program expanded to include household hazardous waste collection sites and thermostat retailers.


Our momentum increased significantly when TRC partnered with Heating, Air Conditioning Refrigeration Distributors International (HARDI), the premier wholesale trade association that represents most of the larger HVACR distributors in the United States.


As part of our marketing, we created a Biggest Man on the Planet Award (BMOP). We keep tallies of which organizations recycle the most mercury and highlight the top three winners at HARDI’s annual conference. The spark of competition adds some spice (and media attention) to the humdrum act of collecting thermostats. We’ve been promoting the BMOP message ever since 2015.

Show Me the Money & Warn Me About the Liability

It all comes down, ultimately, to the money. And in our world, that centers on the rebate. Here’s what we can safely surmise, the amount of money that induces someone to act is open to debate. In certain regions, we offer a $5 rebate to contractors on mercury thermostats collected.

Our challenge lies in determining a price that is high enough to prompt participation but not so high that we bankrupt the budget.


And the added crunch to the issue is the good news-bad news syndrome. The good news – we believe that our success has led to a drop-off in collections since 2014. The bad news? The cost to administer the program continues to increase, especially when we view it through the lens of cost-per-thermostat retrieval.


The Influence of Smart Thermostats

Consumers (leaving aside a small number of DIYers) will generally remove and replace a thermostat by calling a contractor. But there can be a motivation for consumers too, as many are now becoming interested in smart thermostats that offer more options. A combination of falling prices on certain smart thermostats, and utilities offering rebates, make it far more likely to impact consumers’ decisions than a rebate we pay to a contractor. So, in a sense, the change is more likely to initiate from the consumer (for all the benefits of a smart thermostat) yet is tied to a contractor who has the added incentive of a rebate for following proper recycling protocols.

The thermostat product landscape has changed too. A decade ago, who would have thought that having a neat-looking thermostat in your home could be cool (forgive the pun)?


The benefits to utilities is they help their customers save on energy costs with a smart thermostat, while also building their database of consumer usage and preferences. The advantages of having a utility involved is they often will have an approved contractor who knows the installation process and how to recycle a mercury thermostat.


It’s not just about the Incentive

While economic incentives are appealing and have played a significant role, Tom Murray, an environmental consultant ( suggests an alternative messaging we must not overlook.


Murray says the appeal to a higher cause — our environment — is the carrot, and drawing attention to the liability issue is the stick. “Many people simply aren’t aware of the statutes out there that address the issue of properly disposing of mercury-containing thermostats,” he said. If a problem occurs, the contractor – if he leaves the mercury thermostat behind – could be liable.

He also offered his thoughts on how to affect behavior of DIYers who might buy a smart thermostat from a retailer, bypassing the contractor altogether. “Why not include in the box with their purchase, information on how to properly dispose of the old mercury-containing thermostat,” he said. “The consumer might not realize that his old thermostat represents a hazard, and you’ve given him an easy answer to deal with its disposal.”

Another reason why we shouldn’t be afraid to mention the liability issue are personal injury attorneys – some of whom may be trawling for class action suits and just might find enough cases to prompt action dealing with mercury-containing thermostats. It has not happened yet, but there’s no saying it could not.


Aside from incentives, the environment or legal compliance, sometimes the motivation to remove an old thermostat rests simply on wanting to be “smarter.” Jason Powers, founder of Powers IoT (, turns homes and multifamily units into “smart” homes with the latest in thermostats, lighting and cameras. While transforming dwellings into digital command centers for IoT homes is his business, Powers also adds, “The rebate is a boost, but we also do it because it protects our environment.”




Mercury Containing Thermostats: A Historical Perspective

The first efforts to recycle mercury-containing thermostats started with the passage of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act on Oct. 21, 1976. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act — commonly referred to as RCRA — was our nation's primary law governing the disposal of solid and hazardous waste.

The law intended to address the increasing problems the nation faced from a growing volume of municipal and industrial waste. It identified certain “metals of concern” such as mercury and flagged products that contained mercury. After the RCRA’s enactment, mercury thermostats were co-mingled (pardon the recycling pun) with other household products (batteries, certain pesticides and lamps) that fell under RCRA enforcement. This rule – published in 1995 – included lowering the standards for manifest shipping requirements, defining small quantity generator designations and classifying these products as universal wastes instead of hazardous ones.


By lessening their designations, it allowed for the streamlining of recycling programs, eased regulatory burden, and reduced the amount of hazardous wastes going to landfills or municipal combustors. The rule allowed for several states to tighten legislation to require either manufacturers to pay for recycling or develop penalties for the improper disposal of mercury thermostats through disposal bans.


Along with RCRA, the Mercury Export Ban Act (MEBA) of 2008 required a reduction in the use of mercury in products and prohibited the reintroduction of mercury back into commerce. This in effect eliminated the market for mercury containing products such as mercury thermostats, even though their product life cycle was well in decline. MEBA required the Department of Energy to designate and operate a long-term management of storage for elemental mercury generated in the U.S. To date, the long-term storage plan is incomplete.


Ryan L. Kiscaden is the Executive Director of the Ft. Washington, PA-based Thermostat Recycling Corp., a nonprofit that is supported by 31 manufacturers.


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